A Heroic Death that Changed the Course of Indian History


After the death of the great king Shivaji in 1680 the nascent Maratha kingdom faced a great challenge. The Moghul Emperor Aurungzeb had been confounded and defeated by the repeated battles with the Marathas and the high spirit of Shivaji. With the forces of fanaticism released throughout South Asia and to sustain himself the aged emperor leaned ever heavier on the clerics and upon religious exclusivism. The king of the Marathas with his slaying of the Afghan war leader, Afzal Khan, the daring attack on Shaista Khan and the escape from the very depths of the Mughal Empire in Delhi were the stuff of legend in the lifetime of Shivaji himself. The deaths of the great Rajput Chiefs, Jai Singh and Jaswant Singh around the same time seemed to open the floodgates of repression and extremism even further. Orders were issued to demolish the Hindu temples and impose the hated poll tax on non-Muslims – the jaziya.

As the empire groaned in its agony resistance began to multiply and grow leading to further repressions. The Bundelas in central India began fighting; the Jats of the Mathura region and the Rajput clans of the Rathores and Sisodiyas in Rajasthan even leading to a son of Aurangzeb named Akbar  to join the Rajput’s. In fury the enraged Emperor led the main imperial army to crush his son and his erstwhile rebellion.

Further south the Mughals believed that the Marathas would be unable to repeat their exploits under the son of Shivaji, Shambaji thinking that the sustenance of this new Hindu kingdom rested on one able man alone. Like so many other rebellions in that period, he thought the Maratha movement too must have received its death blow with the passing of its able leader, and by the fact that Shivaji had been succeeded by his brave but incapable son, Sambhaji. Sambhaji had courage, which he indeed demonstrated on various occasions, but also indulged in excesses leading his father on occasion forced to consider a severe punishment for his own son. Sambhaji in his rage left and joined the Moghuls! This was an intensely painful time in Shivaji’s life. Sambhaji left the Moghuls and begged for forgiveness when he witnessed first-hand the atrocities against Hindus.

Shambaji offered refuge to Akbar and in 1682 the lost son of Aurangzeb escorted by the Rajput’s arrived in safety in Maharashtra. Close behind the Emperor entered the Maratha Kingdom in the same year. Few would have guessed that he would never return to the north spending the last 27 years of his life in a futile and eventually failed war with the Hindus.

The war was engaged and raged from this period onwards in a steady ebb and flow in the hills of western India with neither side able to emerge over the other. The steady courage of Shambaji was only matched by his impetuous and rash nature. Only his minister Kavi Kalash was able to exercise any control over the headstrong king. An equal measure of the rage of shamabji was directed towards any perceived rivals or dissenters in his kingdom and he dealt with the same with extreme severity and with all the rage for which he was justly famous.

Blood flowed over the mountains and the land was ruined but the people fought on. The full force of the empire was now borne down on the barren hills and the prime generals and troops of the Mughals now all entered into the fray. For seven years more that war continued with its monotonous tale of attack and counter attack – of determined sieges and equally determined sieges. Of forts falling to the Mughals only to be retaken months later and for the cycle of destruction to continue.

In 1689 however the situation changed. The Maratha king was at Sangameshwar unaware of the nearness of his enemies and with a scant force around him. After a sudden raid under Muqarrab Khan a Mughal force reached the place and after a bitter fight succeeded in capturing Shamabaji and Kavi Kalash.

The next chapter is best described in the words of the : Masir I Alambiri, the official history of Aurangzeb’s reign:

Shamba was brought before the court. The Emperor out of his devotion to Islam ordered that from four miles before the camp Shambha should be made an object of ridicule …..so that the Muslims might be encouraged and the Hindus discouraged by the sight. The night in the morning after which he was brought to the Court …in the joyous expectation of seeing the spectacle, and the day was like the day of Eid because all men, old and young went out to see such a scene of joy and happiness.

The Emperor ordered that man to be removed to the prisons and in that moment Aurangzeb descended from the throne and kneeling down on the carpet of prayer bowed his head to the ground in thanksgiving and raised his hands in prayer to Allah….and drops of marvel(lit tears) fell from his far reaching eyes As the destruction of this wicked infidel in consideration of the harshness and disgrace that he had inflicted by slaying and imprisoning Muslims and plundering Muslims — and by the decision of the Doctors of the Law all were in favour of killing Shamba and thus he was killed with Kavi Kalash.

After two days the Emperor ordered Ruhullah Khan to ask Shamba where he had kept his treasure . In these circumstances that haughty man opened his mouth in defiant and vain words about the Emperor (Aurangzeb) – So the Emperor ordered him to be blinded by driving nails into his two eyes -So it was done. But that proud man from his high spirit gave up taking food from that day onwards and continued to shout defiance to The emperor and the tenents of Islam.

Maratha sources report:

When they were brought face to face with Aurangzeb, the latter offered to let Sambhaji live if he surrendered all the Maratha forts, turned over all his hidden treasures and disclosed the names of all the Mughal officers who had helped him. Sambhaji refused, and instead sang the praises of Mahadev (Lord Shiva). Aurangzeb ordered him and Kavi Kalash to be tortured to death. Sambhaji and Kavi Kalash were brutally tortured for over a fortnight. The torture involved plucking out their eyes and tongue and pulling out their nails. The later part involved removing their skin. On March 11, 1689, Sambhaji was finally killed, reportedly by tearing him apart from the front and back with ‘Wagh Nakhe’ (‘Tiger claws’, a kind of weapon), and was beheaded with an axe. This grievous death was given to him at Vadhu on the banks of the Bhima river, near Pune.

From the Persian history (Fatuhat I Alamgiri) :

“At last the case was reported to the Emperor and by his order Shambaji was taken to the place of execution and his limbs were hacked of one after the other- his severed head was publicly exposed across the Empire and taken to Delhi and hung on the gate of that city”

All accounts refer to days of horrific torture and agony which were borne with astonishing firmness and stoicism by Shambaji and his Brahmin minister Kavi Kalash. Even the purported offers of clemency on the public display of submission and/or an escape from the horror by conversion to Islam had little effect on the unfortunate Maratha king. After being blinded and his tongue cut from his mouth he surprisingly with great difficulty was still able to communicate and to continue to offer defiance to his oppressors.The memory of his inspirational father must have been close to Shambaji in the last days – given just sufficient time to rest between the tortures and removal of limbs after nearly two weeks of horrendous and unthinkable pain the broken and limbless king was executed – His head was cut off and placed in public display around the cities and towns of Maharashtra as a warning. But it did not have the desired effect.

The news of the execution of the son of the much revered and loved king Shivaji send a wave of horror and revulsion throughout the land. His brother Rajaram took the crown and retreated to the great fortress of Jinji to endure a 10 year long siege by the Mughals. The excesses of Shamabji were forgotten – news of the method of his death and more importantly the accounts of the dead king spread like wildfire amongst the Marathas. For his adherence to the Hindu Dharma the people named him ‘Dharamveer’ the warrior of Dharma

In the moment of his apparent triumph Aurangzeb was beset by an even greater tide of enemies. The Marathas under their war bands and leaders took to fight all over the western and southern parts of India from coast to coast. Their soldiers everywhere continually harried and fought the Mughals in an even greater tidal wave of resistance. The harried and worn emperor continued to fight in the face of ever increasing odds. The peoples of the north of India began to rise in rebellions and struggles eventually leading to the destruction of the Mughals. For 27 long years Aurangzeb continued with his fight against the Marathas only to die in despair in 1707.

The son of Shivaji had redeemed the pledge of his father of Hindu Padshahi – His heroic death led to the eventual victory over the forces The Maratha Hindu empire rose on the ruins of the Mughals and a hundred years after the execution of Shambaji a defeated and blinded Mughal Padshah, Shah Alam fell at the feet and mercy of the Maratha warrior and kingmaker Mahadji Sindhia.

The dreams and inspirations of the great Hindu Monarch Shivaji echo through history as a lesson against the forces of fanaticism and prejudice.

 

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  1. संभाजी राजांचे जे ४० तुकडे केले होते ..
    ते बुद्रुक च्या “महार” लोकांनी उचलले होते ..
    अणि त्यांना विधिपूर्वक धन देऊन सलामी दिली होती …
    हा इतिहास आजचा मराठा समाज पूर्णपणे विसरला
    तो महार समाजाचे हे उपकार आजही मानत नाही ….
    ज्याला शिवराय-संभाजी यांच्यावर खरे प्रेम असेल टेक हे सत्य मान्य करतील ..
    (अणि ज्याला ज़ोम्बेल तोच बॊम्बलेल )…
    सत्य स्वीकारा

    • As part of war, Mahar were always part of Maratha force. However the untouchability continued with less severity than in south, east and north India.

      Under balutedari, Mahar were required scavenge the dead animals from the villages. The enmity of Maratha towards Mahar, today, prevails arises (from 1850 to 1950), Mahars were tempted to kills (sometimes by poisoning) bulls and cows, for food. After B R Ambedkar preached stop begging and focussing on education, the cause of enmity disappeared. Today partial disconnect of Maratha from land as livelihood, the enmity has grossly melted.

    • Shivaji Maharaj, Sambhaji Maharaj and Mavale (included marathe and mahar) never differentiated between castes.
      Our high class people still differentiate between caste.
      Marathe never differentiated and will never differentiate for low caste
      Because we follow Shivaji maharaj and Sambhaji maharaj

      Kishor

    • MARATHA WARRIORS:amhi manto… aplya kartutvan lokanna jyanni maharajanche vidhi kele… tya vadhu gav cha lokanche shatasha abhar… swarajyachya dusrya chatrapatinche balidaan vyartha jau na denarya sarva narviranna shatasha pranaam… maratha hi amchach mahar hi amchach… maratha hi jaat nasun sanskruti ahe…

    • mahar aahes te dakhvun dilas …RAJA fkt maratyancha nvta maharancha sudha hota..aani smbhu rajencha mitr sudha mahar hota jyane tyana aurgnjebkdun sodvnyasati aapli kurbani dili..so ethe mahar mang jat sangun layki dakhvun devu nka..

    • mahar aahes te dakhvun dilas …RAJA fkt maratyancha nvta maharancha sudha hota..aani smbhu rajencha mitr sudha mahar hota jyane tyana aurgnjebkdun sodvnyasati aapli kurbani dili..so ethe mahar mang jat sangun layki dakhvun devu nka..manus mhnun jgayla sika.

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  4. the brave history and brave survival of hindus has been washed out from indian study books by coward secularist, congress and communist to appease muslims. it is very painful for me because all these brave martyrs like maharana pratap, shivaji, prithvi raj chauhan, hemu, kng bappa rawal, shri guru gobind singh, guru teg bahadur who gave their life to protect hindus and bharat but gaandhi and nehru forgot their brave sacrifice and started a new appeasement theory of secularism of muslims and divided bharat mata on the fithy and coward demand of muslims. mulims never fought the freedom war for india and today bollywood,secularist, paid media, congress and secular coward slaves making pictures on the so called ‘greatness’ of akbar and no one remembering maharana pratap. this shity policy of secularism is the appeasement theory of gaandhi and nehru and theory of ahmisa is the self destruction theory of gaandhi is always harmful for hindus. most painful is for me is that today hindus itself forgot their brave history and walking on the self destruction theory of secular and ahimsa, and if any one try to wakeup them hindus themselve call him a communal hindu but that coward hindu don’t dare to talk on atrocities committed by muslims on hindus even in today’s india. like godhara carrange, genocide of hindus in pakistan and bangladesh, assam violence these slaves of muslims don’t talk on mslims atrocities but muslims can do anything on the name of their right given by this coward government but hindus are treated as a 2nd or 3rd class citizens in their own country.

    • TRUELY SAID , BECAUSE OF POWER HUNGRY NEHRU WHO WANTED TO BE PM AT ANY COST MADE GANDHI HIS TOOL TO COUNTER SUBHAS BOSE , VALLABHAI PATEL , TODAY OUR GENERATION FEELS WE DONT WANT GANDHI OR NEHRU ,WE DONT WANT KANGRESS OR ANY NEHRU CLAN OR GANDHI PRINCIPALS WHICH DUPED THIS GREAT NATION FROM DESTROYING ITS ORIGINAL CULTURE , SANSKRIT WAS DESTROYED BY THE SAME GANDHI & NEHRU ,PAT SHALAS WERE CLOSED BY RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY THRU BRITISH ADMINISTRATORS DURING HIS TIME FOR THE SAKE OF MONEY & POWER …….WE SHOULD BLAME OUR OWN SO CALLED MODERN HINDUS WHO DO NOT KNOW ANY THING ABOUT OUR CULTURE OR HERITAGE BUT KNOW ONLY TO SELL IT TO THE WESTERN PEOPLE FOR ANY THING BIG IN RTN FOR THEIR BENEFIT BUT NOT FOR THE NATION AS WHOLE ………….

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  6. 11 march is tomorrow ,let’s remember the day as MARTYRS DAY through out India.

    Spread the story of sambhaji through out India and abroad of the horrendous pictorial lynching done on sambhaji for protecting the only ancient indigenous faith of mankind and singing in praise of the oldest worshiping god of the mankind.
    Also remember his last right was only done by the Mahars who were treated as untouchables,and they had the guts to do the same irrespective of the fear of atrocities on their community by the invaders .We should salute them for their valor.
    Not for revenge but for remembering and uniting to protect our primordial faith and culture.

  7. Pingback: Shivaji saved Saved Hinduism during Auragzeb era when Jai Singh 1, was with Muslim. | HINDUISM AND SANATAN DHARMA

  8. Pingback: Shivaji saved Saved Hinduism during Auragzeb era when Jai Singh 1, was with Muslim. |News

  9. if this great warrior coverts to islam then we may not be hindus today.
    Salute To The Great Maratha dharmveer sambhaji Maharaj !!

    • We must remember the day of his death as ‘martyrs day’ in India and abroad and spread the story of his martyrdm for protecting the indegeneous faith of India through out the world.it is also essential to take out story of his life in vernancular langauage/arabic, signifying the efforts he has made in protecting the indegeneous faith and how he was captured due to the trechery of his own brother in law.The secularist marathas has forgotten about him now ,people should be made aware of the facts how the untouchables Mahars had collected his dismembered body parts and sewed together and done his last rites and consigned to the Pyre at the banks of river bhima near Pune.

  10. this is what happens when u invite terrorists(mughal empire = ISIS ) to our country. ISLAM failed to enter india since 750 AD .in 11 century a king invited mughals of afgan to occupy india and now result is fucked up society.. what mughals did is not different from what isis is doing now.. stupid ass seculars in india doesnt know anyting..and the problem with indian population is they dont know that… they even dont know it..

    • So bro now what should we do according to you so that this country should always be Hindu dominated ……………

  11. But they still have road named after that fanatic in Delhi. Is it not time it is removed.

  12. जय शंभुराजे
    वाघाच्या जबड्यात घालुनी हात मोजिले त्याचे दात हिच मराठ्याची जात

  13. Great Dharmveer Sambhaji Raje, I salute you. No words to speak. Jab tak suraj chand rahega tab tak Mere Sambhaji Raje Ka naam rahega.You are always in our mind.

    Thanks

    Bharat

  14. Jay Shivaji Raje
    Jay Sambhaji Raje

    The great Marathas who saved Hinduism from Cruel Aurangzeb

    The father who taught how to live for the Dharma
    &
    The Son who taught how to die for the Dharma

    Kishor

  15. We live a good life because of the numerous sacrifices made by them. If we get complacent and allow all nonsense to happen as it is in this country….they will never forgive us…..

    History Textbooks completely screwed up and we never taught about the valor and sacrifice made to this country and dharma….we were taught only about Mughals all along…and how British ‘civilized’ us thereafter…

    I hope Dharma fights back and regain its old glory….which is rightfully belong to Dharma…
    No wonder Shivaji and Sambhaji Maharaj were the reincarnation of Lord Shiva…..

  16. Sambhaji maharajanche aurangzeb la uttar. आई भवानी के भूते आम्ही, मोडणार नाही कणा, झुकनार नाही मान, होना नाही बईमान, आमची सूरवात ही इथेच आणि शेवटही इथेच।।।। No conversion in islam. The Great Maratha king. The Royal Maratha. More Courageous than a lion. शिवाजी महाराजांनी लोकांना शिकवल कस ताठ मान राखुन जगाव आणि संभाजी महाराजांनी लोकांना शिकवल कस ताठ मान राखुन मराव, ।।। जय शंभु महाराज ।।।

  17. Indeed the Maratha wars should find more place in our history books. The tyrant king Aurangazeb should be portrayed as such. Imagine had a road named after such a horror!

  18. Pingback: 27 Years war – Maratha saved Hinduism and India from Invaders of Islamic rule | HINDUISM AND SANATAN DHARMA

  19. Shivaji maharaj and Sambaji maharaj fought against muslim kings at that times like aurgzeb, adilshah and concered hindu kingship for lifetime in hindustan

    We are feeling proud that we are living in shivaji maharajs hindustan

    And you might be feeling shame of your kings like aurangzeb that they left you peoples to live like a dog or a beggares in hindustan

    We are proud of our shivaji and Sambaji maharaj to give us our hindavi swarajay

  20. The Great Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj and Shahaji Raje and Jijamata and Great Mavale (soldiers) all these must be called as sansthapak of Hindavi Swaraj (Founders of Hindavi Swaraj).
    Shahaji Raje and Jijamata started this mission of Hindavi Swaraj.
    Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj created the base of Hindavi Swaraj AND the GREAT
    Chhatrapati Smbhaji Maharaj added glory to HINDAVI SWARAJ even he was tortured and killed cruelly by CRUEL AURANGYA. AURANGYA could not succeed him to convert to MUSLIM.
    This was the GLORY that SAMBHAJI MAHARAJ DIED for HINDU DHARMA so called DHARMAVEER.
    Taking inspiration from his death Marathe fought against Aurangya for 27 years but could not let AURANGYA to have VICTORY
    There are many MAVALES who are always ignored by INDIAN HISTORY.
    There are so many names who dedicated their lives for HINDAVI SWARAJ.
    Some of them are TANAJI MALUSARE, BAJIPRABHU DESHPANDE, MURARBAJI, NETAJI PALKAR,PRATAPRAO GUJAR, YEASJI KANK, RAIBA, SHELARMAMA,SHIVA KASHID, HIROJI FARJAT, MADARI MEHTAR,SANTAJI DHANAJ,IMALOJI NOORKAHN BEG, IBRAHIM KHAN
    We should salute ALL WHO LIVED AND DIED for HINDAVI SWARAJ
    Aaj agar ye sab na hote yeh bhi pakistan kahalata

    We must demand for the REAL HISTORY OF MARATHA AGAINST MUGHAL, ADILSHAHM NIZAMSHAH, BRITISH, POURTUGIZ etc.
    MANY OF THEM INVADED OVER 700 YEARS TO MAHARASHTRA BUT COULD NOT SUCCEED TO CONVERT OUR HINDU RELIGION.

    Currently our children are educated about ONLY ABOUT HOW KRANTIKARI FOUGHT AGAINST BRITISH. I NATURALLY SALUTE THOSE KRANTIKARIS LIKE TILAK, VIVEKANAND, SUBHASHCHANDRA BOSE, SAVARKAR, BHAGATSINGH RAJGURU SUKHDEV CHAFEKAR and SO MANY GREAT NAMES.
    But before this period there was MOST CRUEL PERIOD OF ENEMIES FROM ALL SIDES ON HINDUSTAN so that also must not be kept HIDDEN.
    Dear readers please you only think that why we should study only world history but the priority must be given for these FIGHTERS.
    Please check how many lessons are there in HISTORY BOOK of any standard MENTIONING DASHING TRUTH OF SHIVAJI MAHARJ, SAMBHAJI MAHARAJ AND THEIR BRAVE MAVALES.
    Why can’t we demand if these GREAT PERSONS FOUGHT for HINDAVI SWARAJ since this HINDU COUNTRY
    So let us make some effort to REVEAL THE TRUTH OF HINDAVI SWARAJ
    JAI HIND
    JAI MAHARASHTRA
    JAI BHAVANI
    JAI SHIVAJI
    JAI SAMBHAJI
    JAI MAVALYANCHA
    JAY KRANTIKRYANCHA

    BHARAT MATA KI JAY
    VANDE MATARAM

  21. Unfortunately Sambhaji Maharaj didn’t get the highly deserved glory and name in the history due to internal cheap political interests. Imagine the devotion and sacrifice at young age of around 30.
    A grand salute to a real Darmveer.
    “Sambhaji Maharaj ki Jai”

  22. Whoever has written this quote is trying to misguide people by saying MUSLIMS and Hindus again and again because that was not religious war. Nobody was fighting for religion, they were fighting for Crown. If you can’t handle the truth, at least don’t misguide people.

    • Aurangzeb was a mongol wanted to spread his religion by the power of his sword in Hindustan,One incident ie the brutal pictorial massacre of Sambhaji by Aurangzeb is enough to prove it,History of Sikhs especially Guru Tej bahadur beheading is another incident,History is truth still continued by ISIS in west asia Taliban in Bamian LET in Kashmir valley.Just because of one faith so much of blood is oozing out into the earth,Remember Blood is of the same color.

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  24. JAY SHIVAJI JAY TANAJI
    HAR HAR MAHADEV.
    Ek din musalman khatm ho jayenge.
    Ek din koi Hindu haj me pahunch hi jayega aur musalman ki kaum ko khatm kar dega.

  25. Dharmaveer Chatrapati Shri Sambhaji Maharaj ki JAY.
    His sacrifice has changed the entire History

  26. Jai Jai Marharastra,
    asa ekach maza raja hota
    jyala swargat devane mujra kela
    asa ek raja hovun gela
    maharastra la jeev devun gela
    mughalanna halvun gela
    toch maza “SHIVARAY” hota.
    Mi MARATHA asalyacha mala garv aahe
    JAI MAHARASTRA

    @ JAI MARATHA@

  27. Aaply Shambhu Rajancha kadich visar padu deu Bak, Aaplya yenarya pidhila dekhil tyanchi Aathvan dya, tyanni dharmapayi, aaplyapayi jeevacha balidan dila, aapn Tyanchya sathi evfha karu shakto……
    Jai bhavani
    Jai Shivaji,
    Jai shmbhaji….

  28. No doubt,Shivaji Maharaj & Chhatrapati Sambhaji Raje were great kings in history of india.death of Shivaji Maharaj & arrest of Sambhaje Raje are subjects of true research.
    my Maratha Brothers will study it.
    Jay Shivray
    Jay Bhim

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